applications

Author
Abstract

This paper examines the determinants of outside applicants for federal
job openings using a variety of time-series, cross-sectional and panel
data sets. The main finding is that the application rate for government
jobs increases as the ratio of federal to private sector earnings
increases, but does not appear to be related to the relative level of
fringe benefits. Furthermore, an increase in the federal-private sector
earnings differential is associated with an increase in the average
quality of applicants for federal jobs. The paper discusses the
implications of these findings for wage determination and recruitment in
the federal government.

Year of Publication
1987
Number
227
Date Published
10/1987
Publication Language
eng
Citation Key
Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol 41, no 4, July 1988
Krueger, A. (1987). The Determinants of Queues for Federal Jobs. Retrieved from http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp019019s245t (Original work published 10/1987AD)
Working Papers
Abstract

This paper uses job applications data to test the existence of non-competitive, ex—ante rents in the labor market. We first examine whether
jobs that pay the legal minimum wage face an excessive supply of labor as
measured by the number of job applications received for the most recent
position filled by the firm. The results indicate that openings for jobs
that pay the minimum wage attract significantly more job applications than
jobs that pay either more or less than the minimnum wage. This spike in the
job application rate distribution indicates that ex-ante rents generated for
enp1oyees by an above market-level minimum wage do not appear to be
completely dissipated by employer actions.
The second part of the paper uses a similar approach to examine whether jobs in high-wage industries pay above market-clearing wage rates. We find a
weak, positive relationship between inter-industry application differentials
and inter-industry wage differentials. In addition, our results indicate
that employer size has a sizeable positive effect on the job application rate
even after controlling for the wage rate. The paper considers several
possible explanations for these findings.

Year of Publication
1988
Number
230
Date Published
04/1988
Publication Language
eng
Citation Key
Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol 106, August 1991
Holzer, H., Krueger, A., & Katz, L. (1988). Job Queues and Wages: New Evidence on the Minimum Wage and Inter-Industry Wage Structure. Retrieved from http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01vt150j262 (Original work published 04/1988AD)
Working Papers