A growing body of evidence shows that diﬀerences in ﬁrm-speciﬁc pay premiums account for a large share of the gender pay gap. This paper asks how a common form of pre-labor market skill specialization, college major, mediates access to high-paying ﬁrms, and what this means for the gender earnings gap. Using employer-employee tax data from Chile matched to educational records, we show that diﬀerences in college major account for more than two-thirds of the ﬁrm contribution to the gender earnings gap among college admits. Degrees in Technology, which are numerous, male-dominated, and associated with high ﬁrm premiums, drive these eﬀects.
Year of Publication
Neilson, C., Huneeus, F., Miller, C., & Zimmerman, S. (2021). Firm Sorting, College Major, and the Gender Earnings Gap. Retrieved from http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01j6731685w (Original work published May 2021)